Jerusalem at the time of Christ


  1. Golgotha A possible site for Jesus’ crucifixion (Matt. 27:33–37).
  2. Garden Tomb Jesus was buried (John 19:38–42). The risen Christ appeared to Mary Magdalene in the garden (John 20:1–17).
  3. Antonia Fortress Jesus may have been accused, condemned, mocked, and scourged at this site (John 18:28–19:16). Paul was arrested and recounted the story of his conversion (Acts 21:31–22:21).
  4. Pool of Bethesda Jesus healed an invalid on the Sabbath (John 5:2–9).
  5. Temple Gabriel promised Zacharias that Elisabeth would bear a son (Luke 1:5–25). The veil of the temple was rent at the death of the Saviour (Matt. 27:51).
  6. Solomon’s Porch Jesus proclaimed that he was the Son of God. The Jews attempted to stone him (John 10:22–39). Peter preached repentance after healing a lame man (Acts 3:11–26).
  7. Gate Beautiful Peter and John healed a lame man (Acts 3:1–10).
  8. Pinnacle of the Temple Jesus was tempted by Satan (Matt. 4:5–7). (There are two traditional locations for this event.)
  9. Holy Mount (unspecified locations)

a)    Tradition holds that here Abraham built an altar for the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen 22:9‑14).
b)    Solomon built the temple (1 Kgs. 6:1–10; 2 Chr. 3:1).
c)    The Babylonians destroyed the temple in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:8–9).
d)    Zerubbabel rebuilt the temple in about 515 B.C. (Ezra 3:8–10; 5:2; 6:14–16).
e)    Herod expanded the temple plaza and rebuilt the temple starting in 17 B.C. Jesus was presented as a baby (Luke 2:22–39).
f)    At age 12, Jesus taught in the temple (Luke 2:41–50).
g)    Jesus cleansed the temple (Matt. 21:12–16; John 2:13–17).
h)    Jesus taught in the temple on several occasions (Matt. 21:23–23:39; John 7:14–8:59).
i)     The Romans under Titus destroyed the temple in A.D. 70.

  1. Garden of Gethsemane Jesus suffered, was betrayed, and was arrested (Matt. 26:36–46; Luke 22:39–54).
  2. Mount of Olives

a)    Jesus foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple.
       He also spoke of the Second Coming (Matt. 24:3–25:46; see also JS—M).
b)    From here Jesus ascended into heaven (Acts 1:9–12).
c)    On October 24, 1841, Elder Orson Hyde dedicated the Holy Land for the return of the Jews.

  1. Gihon Spring Solomon was anointed king (1 Kgs. 1:38–39). Hezekiah had a tunnel dug to bring water from the spring into the city (2 Chr. 32:30).
  2. Water Gate Ezra read and interpreted the law of Moses to the people (Neh. 8:1–8).
  3. Hinnom Valley The false god Molech was worshiped, which included child sacrifice (2 Kgs. 23:10; 2 Chr. 28:3).
  4. House of Caiaphas Jesus was taken before Caiaphas (Matt. 26:57–68). Peter denied that he knew Jesus (Matt. 26:69–75).
  5. Upper Room The traditional location where Jesus ate the Passover meal and instituted the sacrament (Matt. 26:20–30). He washed the feet of the Twelve (John 13:4–17) and taught them (John 13:18–17:26).
  6. Herod’s Palace Christ was taken before Herod, possibly at this location (Luke 23:7–11).
  7. Jerusalem (unspecified locations)

a)    Melchizedek ruled as king of Salem (Gen. 14:18).
b)    King David captured the city from the Jebusites (2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Chr. 11:4–7).
c)    The city was destroyed by the Babylonians in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:1–11).
d)    The Holy Ghost filled many on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–4).
e)    Peter and John were arrested and brought before the council (Acts 4:1–23).
f)    Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Lord and died (Acts 5:1–10).
g)    Peter and John were arrested, but an angel delivered them from prison (Acts 5:17-20).
h)    The Apostles chose seven men to assist them (Acts 6:1–6).
i)     Stephen’s testimony to the Jews was rejected, and he was stoned to death (Acts 6:8-7:60).
j)     James was martyred (Acts 12:1–2).
k)    An angel freed Peter from prison (Acts 12:5–11).
l)     The Apostles decided the issue of circumcision (Acts 15:5–29).
m)   The Romans under Titus destroyed the city in A.D. 70.