AndrewThe Apostle Andrew, whose name means "manly," was the first apostle of Jesus Christ. He had previously been a follower of John the Baptist, but when John proclaimed Jesus "the lamb of God," Andrew went with Jesus and spent a day with him.

Andrew quickly found his older brother Simon (later called Peter) and told him "We have found the Messiah." (John 1:41) He brought Simon to meet Jesus. Matthew notes that Simon and Andrew dropped their fishing nets and followed Jesus as he was passing by.

GalileeHe was born in Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee (John 1:44).

The brothers were fishermen by trade (Matthew 4:18; Mark 1:16), but Jesus called them to be his disciples by saying that he would make them “fishers of men.”

Andrew was chosen to be one of the Twelve, and in the various lists of Apostles given in the New Testament (Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:14-16; Acts 1:13) he is always numbered among the first four (Peter, John, James, Andrew).

Not much is mentioned in the Book of Acts regarding the life of Andrew.

After Christ's crucifixion and resurrection, Andrew preached the gospel in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) and in Scythia (see map) as far as Kiev (modern day Ukraine).

Map Turkey and Ukraine small

Andrew preached the gospel in Asia Minor
(modern day Turkey)

Map Scythia

Andrew also preached the gospel in Scythia (see map) as far as Kiev
(modern day Ukraine).

Tradition has it that Andrew was martyred by crucifixion at Patras in Achaea in Greece (see map on left above).

Because Andrew deemed himself unworthy to be crucified on the same type of cross on which Christ had been crucified, he asked to be tied to a Crux decussata or an X shaped cross. He did not die right away but instead was left to suffer for two days while he continued to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ until he finally died.

Andrew with the X shaped Cross

Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scotland, Russia and Greece. The flag of Scotland is the Cross of St. Andrew. We should not fail to mention the great influence of St. Andrew in 'New Scotland', the Province of Nova Scotia (cf. St. Andrew's cross on the provincial flag).

Scots celebrate Saint Andrew's Day around the world on the 30th of November; both the Latin and Greek Churches keep 30 November as his feast day.

St. Andrew's relics were transferred from Patras to Constantinople, and deposited in the church of the Apostles there, about A.D. 357. When Constantinople was taken by the French, in the beginning of the thirteenth century, Cardinal Peter of Capua brought the relics to Italy and placed them in the cathedral of Amalfi, where most of them still remain.

Flag of Scotland

Flag of Scotland

Flag of Scotland 2

Alternative flag of Scotland

Flag of Nova Scotia

Flag of Nova Scotia